Cities4kids Audit

Cities4kids Audit

It is research tool of HBT through which children conduct surveys to make the city SMART in terms of infrastructure, policies, laws, programmes and with a responsive local governance committed towards fulfilling children rights mentioned under UNCRC in practice. HBT child leaders do audit of the public infrastructures against the child friendly parameters and come up with a set of recommendation to make the infrastructure child friendly. In the reporting year following cities4kids audits were undertaken in Bhubaneswar city.

  • Cities4kids Swachhta Audit in 15 communities of Bhubaneswar.
  • Cities4kids Rights to Play Audit in 68 communities.
  • Cities4kids Early Childhood Care & Development Audit of 109 Anganwadi centres.
  • Cities4kids Safety Audit of 6 public infrastructures such as Master Canteen Railway station, Baramunda bus stop, footpath of Rajpath (Raj Bhavan Square to Raj Mahal Square), Rupali square, Khandagiri tourist spot and Jayadev Vihar traffic post.

Swachhta Audit

To identify the issues that lead people to defecate in open such as unavailability of individual household toilets, dysfunctional and inaccessible community toilets and the issues related to waste management in the neighbourhood, HBT child leaders audited their neighbourhoods. Survey was conducted in 15 Slums of 5 wards in Bhubaneswar. A team of 300 children with 25 leaders conducted the survey. Total of 3034 number of households were surveyed.


  • Mission-based toilet infrastructure construction should equally put emphasis on building child friendly features both in individual toilets as well as community and public toilets.
  • The community toilet cleaning system should be the responsibility of city municipality (BMC). Community should ensure the regular cleaning of toilets by BMC. Proper lighting and water availability to be ensured in all community toilets.
  • Households do not have individual toilets or not having access to community toilets should immediately be identified and encouraged to build shared toilets.
  • Shared toilets are to be connected to the sewerage networks in the identified areas.
  • Drainage systems are to be improved in all communities and be covered to prevent further pollution and accidents also.
  • Further, for ensuring a clean environment in the neighbourhoods, adequate arrangement of systems for garbage and waste water disposal are essential. Separate garbage collection bins are to be placed in every slum areas and everyday emptying and transferring of waste is a mandate to maintain the cleanliness.

Rights to Play Audit

Recognizing the importance of play in children’s lives and their development, Humara Bachpan sets out an advocacy initiative ‘right to play’ (‘Khelne ka Adhikar’) with an aim to give children in low-income communities a chance to get access to services that will develop their  creative and imaginative skills through playing and recreation. Playing together also help children in slum areas to learn from each other and develop their social interaction skills.

As part of Cities4kids audit, HBT child club members conducted audit of their neighbourhoods to identify open spaces which they can use as a
place for play and fun making during their leisure hours within the neighbourhoods. The audit tool constituted different sections and the identified spaces were arbitrated from typology, accessibility concern, safety & appearance point of view. A set of recommendations were  generated by the child auditors with maps and child friendly play space designs. Through colorful Venn-diagrams, dots and sketches the children mapped the important indicators of their neighbourhood play spaces.

The HBT Child leaders also audited the city-based parks, recreational spaces and playgrounds to find opportunities of play for children of all ages, abilities and interests guided by some parameters. Children further shared their audit findings with a set of recommendations to concerned authorities to bring necessary structural changes in the audited public utilities to make them child friendly.

Creating play spaces with a range of play units constructed from loose materials that are readily accessible for children’s use is the charm of the
Right to play campaign. Children designed their own play units from the waste materials such as tires, pipes, tubes and wooden boards etc. This process of creating neighbourhood play spaces by the child leaders is coined as ‘Kabbad se Juggad’ program under the Humara Bachpan’s ‘Khelne Ka Adhikar’ initiative.

In the year 2017-18, Audit was done of 110 Neighbourhood Open Space Audits. Four Parks were audited and Charter of Demands submitted to Bhubaneswar Development Authority and eight neighbourhood Play Spaces are created under ‘Kabbad se Juggad’ program.


  • The recommendations made by children through sketches and models are presented before the city development planners and designers and have influenced the city planning, architecture and landscape architecture, transport and traffic management towards building an enabled built environment for children in the city to truly enjoy their rights to play.

Early Childhood Care & Development Infrastructure & Services Audit

Humara Bachpan Early Childhood Care & Development (ECCD) advocacy strategy is focused on Articles 3, 6 and 18 of the United Nations’ Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) and designed to

  • Enhance the quality, accessibility and equitable distribution of services for children during the early childhood.
  • To promote play based, experimental and child friendly provisions for early education and all-round development of young children
  • Recognize the parents and family members as the primary caregivers and healthcare providers and empower and support them to ensure their roles for early childhood brain development.
  • To involve communities and eliciting community participation in the monitoring process of early childhood services

The Cities4kids ECCD Audit was the foremost effort of the HBT’s ECCD advocacy strategy to reflect the challenges and issues with the ECCD Programme and policies in urban settings in terms of infrastructures and services those hinder the benefits reached to the children of urban poor households

  • 79 ECCD centres of Bhubaneswar city are audited
  • 95 child leaders were involved in the audit process

ECCD Audit Findings

Audit Recommendations

  • The building should be structurally safe and within easy approach. It should be clean and should have surrounding green area.
  • One classroom measuring at least 35 square meters (carpet area) for a group of 30 children and availability of adequate (at least 30 square meters) outdoor space for a group of 30 children.
  • Adequate developmentally appropriate toys and learning materials.
  • Adequate and safe drinking water.
  • Adequate and separate child-friendly toilets and hand wash facilities for girls and boys.
  • Separate space allocated for cooking nutritionally balanced meals and nap time for Children.
  • Immediate health service in terms of First Aid/ Medical Kit available at the centre.
  • The adult/ caregiver: child ratio of 1:20 for 3-6 years old children and 1:10 for under 3 years children should be available at the ECCE Centre. Children should not be unattended at any point of time.