Participation in urban Planning & Design
To enable children, youth and women actively participate in urban governance and planning as well as to empower them, several participatory tools are used. Children led planning, Community Resilience and Action Analysis and Gender Audit are conducted in the slums with the different groups.
Children led planning (CLP) is a ten-step process through which children analyse their situation, identify and prioritize issues, explore potential resources, identify stakeholders and plan for a dream neighbourhood. This is an empowering process where the children act as catalyst to bring changes in their neighbourhood by becoming “Change Makers”. Through CLP inclusive, livable and child and family friendly smart cities are being envisaged for children. Because of the planning, several infrastructural changes have been made in different slums of Bhubaneswar.
Following table depicts the changes made in the reporting year:
Community Resilience and Action Analysis (CRAA) is an intensive participatory step by step process to map the economic condition of households, the social capital, community competencies and resources. The CRAA mapping gives information about current socio – economic scenario along with the infrastructural conditions that lead to healthy living of the residents. Accordingly, the risks and vulnerabilities are fixed, and further plan of action is developed to mitigate the situation. CRAA was conducted in 8 slums of the Bhubaneswar Town Centre District area which was documented, and reports were generated. The community issue identification and prioritization with recommendations will help the city planners to design family friendly neighbourhoods.
Following table depicts changes in the eight communities because of the mapping process:
To promote safety and security of girls and women in urban slums, Safety Audit was conducted in 8 slums of Bhubaneswar city by female peer leaders. The main objective was to identify the locations and factors that make them feel unsafe within the communities. After identifying the unsafe spaces, they visited the spaces and noted down the factors that they considered made the place unsafe. After completion of the audit, the group made recommendations to the local government and other community members to try and improve the space.